An Insightful Guide on Open Source Databases

Over the last few years, open source databases have changed the data management industry. We will provide an insightful guide to the top most appreciated open source DBMS software. It is difficult to cover the wide array of option but managed to filter out the best in terms of features and efficiency. The article talks about the best five and widely preferred op.en source databases in the industry.

MongoDB : open source database

MongoDB is one of the top options, which was introduced in the mid-2000’s in the category of NoSQL. It brought a fresh change in the traditional process of data storage in terms of rows and tables. Basically, it stores the data in JSON with dynamic schemas. Well, it was later on named as BSON by MongoDB.

As per the creators of this product, the name was derived from a word called as ‘humongous’ which means providing support to higher proportion of data.

In 2007, DB software went commercial and in 2009, they went to become open source.

MongoDB is written in C++ and it is different from the traditional RDBMS ideology. It comes with a gamut of features and they are as follows:-

  • All the data is stored in the form of documents
  • It is designed to correspond to data types in the widely used programming languages
  • It manages to reduced the necessity of expensive joins and also embedded documents
  • Full index compatibility on all fields
  • Dynamic schema aids fluent polymorphism
  • Replication along with availability across WANs and LANs
  • Replica sets and automatic scaling via auto-sharing
MySQL : open source database

When it comes to web applications, MySQL is considered to be the first choice and across PHP developers. The nearest competition is none other than RDBMS database. During the early days of 2016, it gained a lot of ground and succeeded in topping the RDBMS popularity list. It is available to the user in two editions – Open Source MySQL community edition and MySQL enterprise edition.

For both the edition, the basic engine is same but the enterprise edition gets ahead in terms of support and timely updates.

The different adoption of MySQL does offers a plenty of features for the people as compared to other options. Below is the list of exceptional features:-

  • Like most database systems, MySQL is a relational DB system
  • It offers a greater degree of scalability, high availability, flexibility and performance.
  • MySQL proves to be useful in offering strong transaction support
  • With outstanding security features, it succeeds in data protection
  • Comprehensive support for each application development process
PostgreSQL : open source database

PostgreSQL was a result of the Ingres project at Berkeley in the 1980’s. However, it undergone several enhancements by its noticeable founders and name it as PostgreSQL in 1996. In January, 1997, the first released was made to the public and it is an object-oriented RDBMS. Basically, it focuses on the standard compliance and extensibility. It meets the majority of the SQL2011 standards and also possess several enterprise class features.

As per the industry, PostgreSQL comes with the standard features and are as follows:-

  • It is compatible with popular operating systems
  • Fully ACID compliant that increases transaction reliability
  • Multi-version concurrency control is the driving force in offering immunity to dirty reads and it is based on the serial numbers.
  • PostgreSWQL supports the most SQL data types
  • Streaming replication to continuously ship along with writing log records to the standby server
Cassandra : open source database

Cassandra was the idea and developed by Facebook engineers. It was designed to power the social media big player inbox search. In 2008, it was made open source and distributed DBMS, which was developed to manage the huge amount of data. It provides the required support for data spanning spread across the several data centers with asynchronous master less replication.

Cassandra was known to broke away from the traditional RDBMS table and columns mode, where the data are stored on a single machine. In this, the data are scaled across thousands of server. Cassandra scores heavily over other open source databases in terms of scalability and output.

It is powering the most leading web infrastructure firms such as Netflix, Apple and Facebook. However, Cassandra has been abandoned by its creators at Facebook. Check out the features offered by Cassandra:-

  • Decentralization: In a cluster, every node is assigned similar role and it eliminates any chance of failure.
  • Multiple data center replication: It is developed as a distributed system to assist node across the wide data centers.
  • Cassandra Query Language (CQL): It has been credited for the introduction of a new query language called CQL, which is considered to be a SQL-like alternative
  • MapReduce Support: Cassandra provides complete integration for Hadoop. This is possible with the help of MapReduce support.
MariaDB : open source database

MariaDB is software, which has gained immense popularity. It is rated to be a great option to offer a drop-in replacement for MySQL. No doubt, it is integrated with host of top class features that cultivates better performance. Michaek Widebius is the founder of MySQL and he is known for starting it as soon Oracle was acquired by Sun Microsystems in early 2010. Sun Microsystems has bought MySQL in 2008.

MariaDB has been designed to always keep up with the high compatibility when it came to MySQL. It guarantees of drop-in replacement with libraries and binary equivalence.

Here is the list of MariaDB features:-

  • Open and free: It had been designed by the community under GPL and one can get it free of cost
  • Support: MySQL is rated to be an established documentation support and is also being used for MariaDB
  • Functionality: It supports well with all MySQL features along with additional new and improved features designed by the community
  • Speed: MariaDB is definitely one of the fastest database option and it is faster than MySQL
  • Ease of use: Based on the user opinions, MariaDB is easy to understand and use with features like flexible syntax

This list is nothing as compared to more than 200 similar open source databases. It is not crucial, which is superior and which is not, the whole idea behind this article was to give a guide on the overall evolution of the database management. In addition, there is no denying that the industry adoption of open source databases has significantly increased over the years. The industry is taking giant stride in accepting the new options as compared to the traditional proprietary database. So, keep moving ahead to evolve and grow big.