Linux is considered to be a suitable option for desktop users to perform the business operations. It is definitely an economical but a viable operating system. This is rated to be an affordable option in comparison to other OS systems.
Linux Torvalds, a student from the University of Helsinki, Finland created Linux in 1991 for personal use. However, there was no intention of expanding to more than one platform. But, this was not supposed to be and it prospered by being compatible with other computer architectures.
From the moment of Linux creation, it caught imagination of the developers. Not only this, Linux open source code has seen several transformations from the contributions made by above 12,000 programmers.
Under the GNU General Public License (GPL) version 2, the Linux kernel has been released.
Architecture of Linux kernel
The monolithic architecture is the driving force behind the Linux kernel. As a result, this operating system operates on the kernel space along with on the solo supervisor mode too. Well, there are advantages and disadvantages of Monolithic kernels, which are as follows:
Advantages of Linux
- Direct along with quicker approach for hardware enabling smooth access to the programmes
- Easy to understand in-process communication
- Timely processing of all the requests
Disadvantages of Linux
- Security issues as it functions solely on supervision mode
- Requires huge memory and installation footprints
One needs to applaud the kernel developers in eradicating the negatives that were encountered with the Monolithic kernel. With their excellent work, the modeling modules can be easily loaded and unloaded as per the necessity at any given time. Modules such as low level virtualization can be replaced by your kernel without any requirement of rebooting the system, which is possible in very few cases.
Stand out Linux kernel features
Here are the exceptional features of Linux kernel:-
A Linux operating system is designed to support more than one account at a particular along with multiple users who are logged in on a dedicated system at that moment. The users are able to arrange the system according to their needs, which will give the desired outcome. A user can accomplish this objective by customizing the menus and desktop icons. Also, on the discretion of the user, accounts are protected by password to safeguard privacy.
Linux operating system is an excellent option, as it permit programs to run in the backdrop and on the interface too. As the several programs function at once, it enables the Linux kernel to be the sole server and background processes responding to user requests.
Graphical user interface:
Linux OS has a powerful framework that proves to be decisive in smooth functioning along with the graphical application – the X Windows System or it is also called as simply X. The main objective is to assure that X-based GUIs receives the necessary support for optimum performance. Apart from X, it also comes with an X-based desktop setting to give a fresh look and feel to GUI processes.
Smooth Hardware Support & Management:
Irrespective of the hardware and device connected to any desktop, Linux comes with preconfigured support. It supports several removable devices which includes tapes, memory sticks, CD-ROMs and many more.
Linux is popular due to its networking features. The network services is of the highest quality by ensuring the client computers operates smoothly on the Internet service provider or LAN. With the customize software, it can supports different kind of server such as file, mail, mail and more.
The feature of application compatibility has made it a first choice. It supports comprehensive programming interfaces and POSIX. It doesn’t stop here, as GNU software works well with Linux except for few, which require some kind of modification.
Benefits of Linux
As compared to other operating system, Linux doesn’t require to invest huge amount of money in terms of monthly fee. Unlike Microsoft, Linux allows easy distribution over more than one computer.
Robust & Secured:
Linux OS is protected from any kind of ad ware, malware or virus threat to meet the modern day requirements. This was certainly missing from other option such as Microsoft Windows.
With Linux, the user enjoys incredible flexibility and that makes it highly popular across the globe. It allows the user to have a firm grip on the overall operating system.
A user is able to utilize different kind of software as per the operation at one time. This is because of Linux supporting open source software and enabling modification to the source code as per the requirement.
Flip Side of Linux
Difficult to master:
One cannot think of mastering this OS in a short interval of time. It needs devoting substantial amount of time to understand and have a fair understanding of its features. Failing to do this will lead to waste of time and money.
The free version of Linux has received a lot of flak, as it require a lot of adopt with the new hardware. Although, the developers are working hard to solve the non-compatible issue with the new hardware but it seems it will take time. This has resulted in people opting for other OS options.
No key features:
Linux is far behind when it comes to standard features which are readily available in other competitors’ operating system.
Not compatible issue with Windows programs:
Linux might be the best; however, one of the major issues is the compatible with all programs. It is behind many popular Windows programs, due to which users are considering different options
All in all the Linux operating system is evolving on a regular basis and improving its several architecture and frameworks. Installation of Linux will provide the right momentum to perform the operations conveniently and efficiently.